Drip irrigation is the delivery of water to the roots of the plant at low flow rates through various types of water applicators by a distribution system located on the soil surface, beneath the surface, or suspended above the ground.
- This dripping may be done either on to the soil surface or directly on the root zone through the network of valves, pipes, tubing and emitters.
- This is dont through narrow tubes which supply water to the base of the plant.
- Water is applied as drops, tiny streams, or spray, through emitters, sprayers, or porous tubing.
Drip irrigation is a method irrigation in which water is supplied to the roots of plants via dripping.
- High application efficiency.
- High yield/quality.
- Decreased energy requirements.
- Reduced salinity hazard.
- Adaptable for chemigation.
- Reduced weed growth and disease problems.
- Can be highly automated.
- High initial cost.
- Maintenance requirements (emitter clogging, etc.)
- Restricted plant root development.
- Salt accumulation near plants (along the edges of the wetted zone).