Collecting Data in a research process
Having formulated a research problem, developed a study design, constructed a research instrument and selected a sample. Now you collect the data from which you will draw influences and conclusions for your study.
Many methods could be used to gather the required information. As a part of research design, you will decide the procedure through which you want to collect the data.
At this stage you are actually collecting data.
For example, depending upon your plans, you might commence interviews, mail questionnaire, conduct group discussions or make observations. Collection of data by any method may involve some ethical issues as well.