Definition of weathering and related terms

Tuesday, August 30, 2011 13:18
Posted in category Engineering Geology
Views: 1,076 views

Definition of Weathering:

Alteration of rocks due to action of surroundings such as wind is known as weathering.

It is of two types

  1. Physical.
  2. Chemical.

Related terms:


Movement and removal of products obtained by weathering is known as erosion.


Weathering of earth’s surface is known as denudation.

Physical weathering:

Mechanical breakdown of rocks is known as physical weathering.

Chemical weathering:

Chemical alteration of rocks is known as chemical weathering.


When weathering occurs rocks are turned into thin layers or sheets and gives round mass . This process is known as exfoliation.

Geological time scale:

Chronological sequence of rocks is known as geological time scale. It is widely accepted in Europe. By chronological sequence it means the sequence in which one thing comes after other with time.

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