Brick is the basic building unit which is in the form of rectangular block in which length to breadth ratio is 2 but height can be different.
A standard metric brick has coordinating dimensions of 225 x 112.5 x 75 mm (9”×4½” ×3“) called nominal size and
working dimensions (actual dimensions) of 215 x 102.5 x 65 mm (8.5“ * 4 *2.5) called architectural size.
The art of laying bricks in mortar in a proper systematic manner gives homogeneous mass which can withstand forces without disintegration, called brick masonry.
Terms Related to Brick
The surfaces of a brick have names:
Top and bottom surfaces are called beds.
Ends are headers or header faces.
Sides are stretcher or stretcher faces.