Archive for the ‘Research methodology’ Category
The research process eight steps Formulation of a research problem. Conceptualising a research design. Constructing a research instrument or tool for data collection. Selecting a sample. Writing a research proposal. Collecting data. Processing data. Writing a research report.
Observation Observation is one way to collect primary data. It is a purposeful way of watching and listening to an interaction or phenomenon as it takes place. Types of observations There are two types: Participant. Non Participant. Participant When the researcher participates in the activities of the group being observed in the same manner as […]
There are two main approaches for data collection about a problem, person or a phenomenon. Primary Data There are times when the information must be collected. Sources used in the this approach are called as primary sources. Examples of information collected through primary sources are:
Writing a research report in a research process Writing the report is the last and for many, the most difficult step of the research process. This report informs the world of
Processing of data in a research process The way you analyse the information largely depends on two things: the type of information: descriptive, qualitative, quantitative or attitudinal. the way you want to write your report.
Collecting Data in a research process Having formulated a research problem, developed a study design, constructed a research instrument and selected a sample. Now you collect the data from which you will draw influences and conclusions for your study.
Writing a research proposal Before writing a research proposal, you have done all the preparatory work. Next put everything together in a way that provides adequate information. This will give information about your research report to your research supervisor and others. This overall plan tells a reader about your research problem and how you are […]
Selecting a Sample in a research process The accuracy of your estimates largely rest on the way you select your sample. The basic objective of any sampling design is to minimise the gap between the values obtained from your sample and those prevalent or dominant in the population.
Constructing a Research tool for data collection Research tool may be defined as: Anything that becomes a means of collecting information for your study is called a research tool or a research instrument. For example, observation forms, interview schedules, questionnaires, and interview guides are all classified as research tools.
Conceptualising a research design An extremely important feature of research is the use of scientific methods. Research process involves systematic, controlled, valid and carefully established associations and causes that permit similar outcomes under the given set of conditions. Research process also involves identifying gaps in knowledge. verification of what is already known. Identification of past […]