Frame Structure | Why Concrete Frame structures are preferred ?

Monday, March 3, 2014 12:29
Posted in category Design of Structures


A rigid frame structure is one made up of linear elements, typically beams & columns, which are connected to one another at there ends with joints that don’t allow any relative rotations to occur between the ends of the attached members, although themselves may rotate as unity. Continue Reading »

Definition of Structure and Masonry Structure

Tuesday, February 25, 2014 21:49
Posted in category Design of Structures


A structure is one in which the members are arranged in such a way that the weights, loads & forces are transmitted to the foundations by the cheapest means consistent with the intended use and nature of the structure.

There are two types of structures:

  1. Masonry Structures.
  2. Frame structure.


In typical masonry construction, the main loads are transfer to the foundations via the internal load bearing wall. The external skin serves to provide weather protection and aesthetic quality. Continue Reading »

Local Coordinates and Global Coordinates in Finite Element Analysis

Monday, January 20, 2014 18:08
Posted in category Structural Engineering

Local Coordinates

A local coordinates system whose origin is located within the element in order to simplify the algebraic manipulations in the derivation of the element matrix.

  • The use of natural coordinates in expressing approximate functions is advantageous because special integration formulas can often be applied to evaluate the integrals in the element matrix. Continue Reading »

Analytic, Numerical and Exact solutions

Monday, January 20, 2014 18:08
Posted in category Structural Engineering

Exact Solutions

In mathematics and especially physics, an exact solution is a solution to a problem that encapsulates the whole mathematics or physics of the problem without using an approximation.

Analytic solutions Continue Reading »

Major steps in Finite element Analysis

Monday, January 20, 2014 18:07
Posted in category Structural Engineering

Major steps in Finite element Analysis

The finite element analysis requires the following major steps:

  1. Discretization of the domain into finite number of sub domains.
  2. Selection of interpolation functions. Continue Reading »

Value Engineering | Objectives and goals of Value Engineering

Monday, January 13, 2014 23:32

Value Engineering

As an engineering function, Value Engineering uses a process of function cost analysis to identify features that can be changed to reduce cost without affecting the quality of the facility. Continue Reading »

Canal Alignment

Friday, January 10, 2014 22:11

How Canal Alignment should be done ?

Canal Alignment should be done in such a way that

  1. It should serve the entire area proposed to be irrigated.
  2. Cost of construction including cross drainage works should be minimized.
  3. A shorter length of canal ensures less loss of head due to friction and smaller loss of discharge due to seepage and evaporation, so that additional area may be brought under cultivation.
  4. A canal may be aligned as a contour canal, a side slope canal or a ridge canal according to the type of terrain and culturable area.
  5. A contour canal irrigate areas only on one side of the canal. Continue Reading »

Definition of Kor watering | Kor Period | Kor Depth

Saturday, December 14, 2013 21:28

Kor watering

The first watering is done when the crop has grown to about three centimeters. This watering is known as Kor watering.

Kor Period

The period during which kor watering is done is known as kor Period. Continue Reading »

Drip irrigation or Trickle irrigation or Micro Irrigation

Tuesday, October 29, 2013 21:04

Drip irrigation

Drip irrigation is the delivery of water to the roots of the plant at low flow rates through various types of water applicators by a distribution system located on the soil surface, beneath the surface, or suspended above the ground. Continue Reading »

Warabandi system of water management

Tuesday, October 29, 2013 15:19

Warabandi system of water management


WARABANDI is a rotational method for equitable distribution of the available water in an irrigation system by turns fixed according to a predetermined schedule specifying year, day, time and duration of supply to each irrigator in proportion to the size of his landholding in the outlet command.

The term WARABANDI means turns (Wahr) which are fixed (bandi). Continue Reading »

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