Observation as a primary source of data collection in a research study

Tuesday, September 1, 2015 15:34
Posted in category Research methodology


Observation is one way to collect primary data. It is a purposeful way of watching and listening to an interaction or phenomenon as it takes place.

Types of observations

There are two types:

  1. Participant.
  2. Non Participant.


When the researcher participates in the activities of the group being observed in the same manner as its members. Members may know or do not know that they are being observed. Continue Reading »

Primary and secondary sources of Data collection and its limitations

Tuesday, September 1, 2015 9:35
Posted in category Research methodology

There are two main approaches for data collection about a problem, person or a phenomenon.

Primary Data

There are times when the information must be collected. Sources used in the this approach are called as primary sources.

Examples of information collected through primary sources are: Continue Reading »

Arousal approach theory and arousal effects on behavior

Monday, August 31, 2015 16:16

Definition of Arousal

From a neuro-physiological perspective, arousal is a heightening of brain activity, by the arousal center of brain known as reticular formation.

One effect of exposure to environmental stimulation is increased arousal.

  1. It may be measured physiologically by heightened autonomic activity, such as increase heart rate, blood pressure, respiration rate, adrenaline secretion etc.
  2. It may be measured behaviorally by increased motor activity, or simply as self reported arousal.

It is one of the dimensions along which any environment can be evaluated Continue Reading »

Definition of Environmental psychology

Monday, August 24, 2015 21:57

Definition of Environmental psychology

It may be defined as: Continue Reading »

Definition of Strain Energy | Resilience and Proof Resilience

Monday, August 24, 2015 16:23
Posted in category Theory of structures 1

Definition of Strain Energy

When a piece of bar is subjected to a tensile or a compressive load, P, then there is a change in length which is proportional to the load P within elastic limit. It is said that work is done and is stored in the form of strain energy within a bar or material. Continue Reading »

Writing a research report in a research process

Sunday, August 23, 2015 1:27
Posted in category Research methodology

Writing a research report in a research process

Writing the report is the last and for many, the most difficult step of the research process. This report informs the world of Continue Reading »

Processing of data in a research process

Sunday, August 23, 2015 1:25
Posted in category Research methodology

Processing of data in a research process

The way you analyse the information largely depends on two things:

  1. the type of information: descriptive, qualitative, quantitative or attitudinal.
  2. the way you want to write your report. Continue Reading »

Means of collecting data in a research process

Sunday, August 23, 2015 1:21
Posted in category Research methodology

Collecting Data in a research process

Having formulated a research problem, developed a study design, constructed a research instrument and selected a sample. Now you collect the data from which you will draw influences and conclusions for your study. Continue Reading »

Definition of research proposal | Writing a research proposal

Sunday, August 23, 2015 1:19
Posted in category Research methodology

Writing a research proposal

Before writing a research proposal, you have done all the preparatory work. Next put everything together in a way that provides adequate information. This will give information about your research report to your research supervisor and others.

This overall plan tells a reader about your research problem and how you are planning to investigate, and is called a research proposal. Continue Reading »

Selection of a sample in a research process

Sunday, August 23, 2015 1:15
Posted in category Research methodology

Selecting a Sample in a research process

The accuracy of your estimates largely rest on the way you select your sample. The basic objective of any sampling design is to minimise the gap between the values obtained from your sample and those prevalent or dominant in the population. Continue Reading »

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